Samarium is a chemical element with the symbol Sm and atomic number 62. It is a silvery metal that tarnishes in air and is moderately soft. Samarium is a member of the lanthanide series, a group of elements often referred to as rare earth elements (REEs). Despite their name, most rare earth elements are relatively abundant in the Earth’s crust, but their extraction and separation processes are both technically challenging and costly.

Samarium possesses unique properties that make it valuable in a variety of applications. It has a high neutron absorption capacity, which is useful in nuclear reactors, and it is used in making alloys for permanent magnets. These magnets are found in a range of technologies, from headphones and electric motors to more sophisticated devices like wind turbine generators and precision-guided weapons.

Furthermore, samarium plays a critical role in the manufacturing of certain cancer treatments, particularly in the form of samarium-153, which is used in pain relief for bone cancer. It’s also used in the glass industry, particularly for making glass that absorbs infrared light.

Although samarium is not as commonly discussed as some other elements, it is a critical component in advanced manufacturing and green technologies, reflecting its importance in modern industry and medicine.

When was Samarium discovered

The discovery of samarium, a rare earth element, marks a significant milestone in the field of minerals and stones. This element, with its unique properties and applications, has fascinated scientists and researchers since its discovery. The journey to uncovering samarium involves a blend of historical intrigue, scientific endeavor, and the relentless pursuit of knowledge. This

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How many protons does Scandium have?

Scandium, a rare earth metal, has intrigued scientists and mineral enthusiasts alike with its unique properties and applications. This article delves into the atomic structure of scandium, its occurrence in nature, and its various uses in today’s technological world. Understanding the fundamental aspects of scandium, including the number of protons it possesses, provides a foundation

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How many electrons in Scandium?

Understanding the Atomic Structure of Scandium Scandium, a rare earth metal, occupies a unique position in the periodic table with the atomic number 21. This element, discovered in 1879 by Lars Fredrik Nilson, has since intrigued scientists and researchers with its distinctive properties and applications. To comprehend the significance of scandium in various fields, including

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